Proprietary CHOK1-ADCC+ cell line system
Enhance ADCC activity
Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), is a mechanism of cell-mediated immune defense whereby an effector cell of the immune system actively lyses a target cell. It is important in the efficacy of cancer antibodies, but with many approved cancer antibodies there is less ADCC than could be desired due to nonspecific IgG competing with the drugs for binding to FcγIIIa (CD16a) on natural killer cells (NK cells). Afucosylated monoclonal antibodies overcome this problem through improved FcγIIIa binding.
The scientists at ProBio developed ADCC enhanced host cell line (CHOK1-ADCC+), which can produce afucosylated monoclonal antibodies with enhanced ADCC activity.
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The typical ADCC involves activation of NK cells by antibodies in a multi-tiered progression of immune control. Once the Fc receptor of NK cell binds to the Fc region of the antibody, the NK cell releases cytotoxic factors that cause the death of the target cell.
The binding ability of the Fc and FcγRIIIa affects the ADCC activity. Therefore, by enhancing the affinity of the antibody to CD16a, the ADCC activity is enhanced, and the clinical therapeutic effect of the antibody is enhanced.
ProBio scientists strategically knocked out a gene in CHOK1 cells that is responsible for the fucose bind to N-glycans in order to produce afucosylated antibodies.
The antibody produced by modified cell line CHOK1-ADCC+ is successfully afucosylated. CHOK1-ADCC+has a similar performance in antibody expression and growth compared to wild type CHOK1-GenS.
Cell Growth Performance
ADCC activity enhanced
Host cell System
CD16a 158V/F affinity (BLI)
1.Hashimoto, G.; Wright, P. F.; Karzon, D. T. (1983-11-01). "Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity against influenza virus-infected cells". The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 148 (5): 785–794.
2.Lo Nigro, Cristiana; Macagno, Marco; Sangiolo, Dario; Bertolaccini, Luca; Aglietta, Massimo; Merlano, Marco Carlo (March 2019). "NK-mediated antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity in solid tumors: biological evidence and clinical perspectives". Annals of Translational Medicine. 7 (5): 105.